Other Gynecologic Cancers

Fallopian Tube Cancer

This is a very rare cancer. It begins in the tube that carries an egg from the ovary to the uterus (the fallopian tube). Fallopian tube cancer causes symptoms much like those seen in women with ovarian cancer. The treatment and outlook for survival (prognosis) is similar to that for ovarian cancer.

Source: American Cancer Society, www.cancer.org

Vaginal Cancer

Vaginal cancer is very rare and is usually diagnosed in elderly women with abnormal bleeding. It accounts for about 3% of all reproductive cancers in women. About 2,160 new cases are expected to be diagnosed in 2009, according to the American Cancer Society. An estimated 770 women will die from this disease this year.

Most vaginal cancers begin in the lining of the vagina. The lining is called the epithelium. These cancers are called vaginal squamous cell carcinomas. This type of vaginal cancer develops over many years from precancerous changes.

Vulvar Cancer

Vulvar cancer is cancer that starts in the vulva, the outer part of the female reproductive system. It is not a common type of cancer and represents only about 4 percent of all cancer in the female reproductive organs. This year in the United States, about 3,580 women will be diagnosed with vulvar cancer and 900 women will die, according to the American Cancer Society. If found in its early stages, vulvar cancer is highly curable.

Source: Women’s Cancer Network, the Gynecologic Cancer Foundation; American Cancer Society

For more information see:
Gynecologic Cancer Foundation: www.wcn.org
American Cancer Society: www.cancer.org
National Cancer Institute: www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/vulvar



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